Join us for the Juneteenth Heritage Celebration.

on June 22nd


Texas State Fruit – Texas red Grapefruit

The Texas Red Grapefruit was adopted as the Texas state fruit on May 17, 1993. The fruit was first discovered by Texas citrus growers in 1929. It generates more revenue than any other tree fruit in Texas. The legislature said, “This variety of grapefruit has been carefully nurtured and perfected over time and is renowned  Read more

Texas State Fish – Guadalupe Bass

The Guadalupe Bass was adopted as the Texas state fish on May 10, 1989. The Guadalupe Blass is found only in Texas and is part of a group of fish collectively called the black bass. It inhabits fast-running streams and small rivers in the center part of the state. The legislature says “though its small  Read more

Texas State Tree – Pecan Tree

The Pecan Tree was adopted as the Texas state tree in 1919. Fossil remains show that the Pecan tree was found in Texas long before humans came around. The tree can live for thousands of years and is wide spread throughout the state. People started considering it a favorite tree of Texas when Governor James  Read more

Texas State Horse – American Quarter Horse

The American Quarter Horse was adopted as the Texas state horse on June 19, 2009. The horse was adopted when 10-year-old Logan Head realized that there was no state horse after studying Texas History. The American quarter horse can trace its roots back to the early colonies in America. The Galloway and hobby breeds from  Read more

Texas State Flying Mammal – Mexican Free-Tailed Bat

The Mexican Free-Tailed Bat was adopted as the Texas state flying mammal on May 25, 1995. The largest concentration of these bats in the world are in Bracken Cave in Comal County, less than 20 miles from downtown San Antonio. An estimated 20 million bats roost in the cave from March to October, making it  Read more

Texas State Vegetable – Sweet Onion

The sweet onion was designated as the Texas state vegetable on May 7, 1997. Onions are Texas’ leading vegetable crop with sales bringing the state $70 to $100 million per year. According to Texas A&M, “the sweet onions from Texas started when the Bermuda onion was introduced into South Texas in 1898 when a pack  Read more

Texas State Symbol – Jalapeno

The jalapeno was adopted as the Texas state pepper on May 10, 1995. Peppers were present in the diets of Native Americans in Central Mexico as early as 9,000 years ago. The jalapeno, the most popular pepper, measures in at 2,500 – 9,000 Scoville heat units depending on its growing conditions. On the Scoville scale,  Read more

Texas State Plant – Prickly Pear Cactus

Prickly Pear Cactus was adopted as the state plant on May 25, 1995. The cactus has branches and stems in the form of large, flat pads with deep red fruits known as tuna. The pads and the fruit are edible. The plant helped sustain the earliest inhabitants of the region as well as recently become  Read more

Texas State Amphibian – Texas Toad

Texas Toad was adopted as the Texas state amphibian on June 19, 2009. Texas Parks and Wildlife biologists and fourth graders from Danbury Elementary School worked together to narrow down five candidates for state amphibian. The students formed five groups and each researched and campaigned for their candidate. The Texas Toad won, barley defeating the  Read more

Texas State Snack – Tortilla Chips and Salsa

Tortilla Chips and Salsa was adopted as the Texas state snack on June 22, 2003. Students at Marcell Elementary School in Mission contacted State Representative, Kino Flores, about designating a state snack. The legislature said “tortilla chips and salsa are deeply rooted in Texas tradition and enjoy popularity throughout the length and breadth of the  Read more

Texas State Fiber and Fabric – Cotton

Cotton was adopted officially as the Texas state fiber and fabric on June 18, 1997. Texas is known around the world for its cotton production and has been a mainstay in the Texas economy and culture. Cotton is the state’s largest cash crop and is planted on more acres than any other agricultural product in  Read more

Texas State Large Mammal – Longhorn

The longhorn was adopted as the Texas large state mammal on June 16, 1995. The state held a mock election with hundreds of elementary school children to decide on the state mammal. Support for the longhorn and armadillo was equally divided so the state decided to create a designation for small state mammal and large  Read more

State Small Mammal – Armadillo

The armadillo was adopted as the Texas small state mammal on June 16, 1995. The state held a mock election with hundreds of elementary school children to decide on the state mammal. Support for the longhorn and armadillo was equally divided so the state decided to create a designation for small state mammal and large  Read more

State Bread – Pan de Campo

Pan de Campo was adopted as the Texas state bread on June 18, 2005. Pan de Campo is also called Cowboy bread and is a sort of flat bread. The bread was eaten by Cowboys who worked the ranches in early Texas. The cowboys prepared it in small portable ovens which gave it its distinct  Read more

State flower – Bluebonnet

Bluebonnets were adopted as the Texas state flower on March 7, 1901. Bluebonnets were once thought to have come over with the Spanish priests because the priests used to plant the flowers around their missions. However, there are many Indian folklores centered on the flowers that have them being here before the Spanish arrived. There  Read more

Peggy McCormick

The San Jacinto battleground was actually the land of Peggy McCormick. She took possession of the land after her husband died in 1824 and continued to live on it. She abandoned her home before the battle but returned soon after. Upon her return, she discovered over 700 Mexican corpses scattered near her home. She appeared  Read more

The Yellow Rose of Texas

The story of Emily Morgan or Emily West is still highly debated to this day. Emily was a house worker for Col. James Morgan at New Washington that was believed to be captured by Santa Anna during his raid through the area. Historians believe she was a worker and not a slave of Morgan’s even  Read more

Susanna Wilkerson Dickinson

One of the most well-known woman of the Texas Revolution was Susanna Wilkerson Dickinson. She moved to Texas in her early twenties to elope with Almeron Dickinson, a man twice her age. While living in Gonzales in 1835, she survived an assault by “a gang of newly arrived American volunteer troops, who in a drunken  Read more

Flags of the Texas Revolution

Women had a huge part in creating the early flags of Texas. In late 1835, Sarah R. Dodson made the first Texas “tri-color lone star” flag out of calico that consisted of red, white and blue squares with a single white star on the blue square. The flag was made in late 1835 for a  Read more

Mary Jane Briscoe

Mary Jane Briscoe, previously Mary Jane Harris, was the daughter of John Richard Harris, the founder of Harrisburg, Texas. At the age of eighteen, she married Andrew Briscoe, a signer of the Declaration of Independence and a solider in the Battle of San Jacinto. The couple had five children, four of whom survived into childhood.  Read more

Southern Women

Many of the women that migrated to Texas were southerners by birth. They had grown up with “southern” values which included having family as the central institution of society. The “ideals of true womanhood, with is admonitions to purity, piety, submissiveness, and domesticity, accompanied them westward.” Women sustained themselves as daughters, mothers and wives where  Read more

Emily Austin Bryan Perry

The other Austin woman that played a big part was Emily Austin Bryan Perry, sister to Stephen F. Austin. She came to Texas in 1831 with her husband and several children and became the mistress of Peach Point Plantation. She was the sole air of Moses Austin (her father) and Stephen F. Austin. After 1836,  Read more

Mary Austin Holley

Mary Austin Holley, cousin to Stephen F. Austin, was widowed in 1827 and the sole supporter of her two children. She secured a land grant from her cousin but never actually made it her permanent residency. She hoped “to sell her Texas lands one day to ease her financial straits, her frequent trips, correspondence, and  Read more

Jane Wilkinson Long

Jane Wilkinson Long was one of the first white women to arrive in Texas in 1819. By 1822 though, she was widowed and left as the sole supporter of her family. She struggled for years financially but in 1832 purchased an inn between San Felipe and Brazoria, an occupation seen as acceptable for women at  Read more

The legal system

Once the Anglos took over the government for the Republic of Texas, they changed the legal system to English common law instead of the Spanish legal system that had been ruling the area for years. The Spanish system valued women to be almost as equal as men. However, in the English system married women had  Read more

The Fearless Fifty-Nine, Lorzeno de Zavala

Lorzeno de Zavala was the 47 year old Harrisburg representative. De Zavala was extremely active in Mexican politics before moving to Texas. Early in his life in Mexico, he founded and edited several newspapers in which he expressed the democratic ideas that were to mark his political career. He was imprisoned in 1814 for his  Read more

The Fearless Fifty-Nine, James B. Woods

James B. Woods was the 31 year old either Liberty or Harrisburg representative, records are conflicting. Woods was born in Kentucky in 1802. He moved to Texas in 1830. In 1834, he became the alcalde of the Liberty District. He also represented Liberty at the Consultation of 1835. After the Convention, he served in the  Read more

The Fearless Fifty-Nine, Claiborne West

Claiborne West was the 36 year old Jefferson representative. West moved from Louisiana to Texas in 1831. He served as a member of the subcommittee for safety and vigilance for the district of Cow Bayou during the Convention of 1832. Upon the formation of the General Council, he was elected to represent the Jefferson Municipality.  Read more

The Fearless Fifty-Nine, Edwin Waller

Edwin Waller was the 35 year old Brazoria representative. Waller moved to Texas from Missouri in 1831 and owned/operated the Sabine, a vessel used to transport cotton from Velasco to New Orleans. In 1832 he was wounded in the battle of Velasco. At the Convention, he served on the committee that framed the Constitution. Afterward,  Read more

The Fearless Fifty-Nine, John Turner

John Turner was the 34 year old San Patricio representative. Turner studied law and taught school before moving to Texas in 1829. Once he became a part of the San Patricio area, he wrote letters on the colonists to Capt. Philip Dimmitt, Col. James Fannin and the General Council. He was appointed as a second  Read more