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Images and transcripts are available courtesy of Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

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jones-miller-may44-1At Home near Washington [on the Brazos]
May 3rd 1844
My Dear Sir,
I have the pleasure to ack-
knowledge the receipt of your letter 
of the 12th Ulto which together with the 
Treaty reached this place on the 1st
 Inst. It found me on a sick bed
 where I have been confined most of
 the time for two weeks past. I am
 also indebted to Mr. Van Zandt, Gen. H-
enderson & Mr. Raymond [?] for their kindness 
in writing me lately. I am unable to
 reciprocate by writing either you or
 them more than this short note, which 
I have to request you & they will
 accept as the best return I can
 make at present.
The negotiation of the Treaty had 
taken people here by surprise. There had
 been so many “glorious” rumors put afloat 
that our citizens were beginning to be 
very skeptical on the subject. But 
the reality has come now upon them 
unexpectedly to most of them and I 
can aprise [sic] you it affords the
 most hearty satisfaction to the
public mind here as far as I
 am enabled to learn. They

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jones-miller-may44-2do not wait to know the terms of the 
agreement but “go it Blind” in rejoicing.
I do not partake very strongly 
with you in your fears about its 
ratification by the Senate of the U.S.
 The Demos are for it and the Whigs 
dare not pursue so suicidal a
 policy as to reject it. They will 
not “take the responsibility.” Postponement 
is rejection, and this is so well unders-
tood that they must meet the question[.]
 If they reject, the party will be
 broken & scattered into so many fragments 
that the Archangel Gabriel with his
 judgment day trumpet could never 
collect & arrange them together again[.]
 But “nous verrons” [we will see]
We cannot expect to obtain 
any assurances from England or France
for guaranteeing our independence at 
this moment, as they are well aware
 that such assurances being known 
in the U. States would force the ratification 
of the treaty. They will hold off untill [sic]
 the matter is decided, & if annexation
 fail, they will come in with their
 good offices fast enough. It will
 be a very easy matter for us then 
to “swap” an assurance of maintaining
our national unity as a separate &

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jones-miller-may44-3distinct nation in all future time, for 
a guarantee to us by England & France from 
molestation by Mexico for the same period.
Annexation therefore must necessarily
 be either now or never. It must be 
accomplished before the present Congress
 of the U.S. rises or it will never
 be done. There would soon be a triple bargain 
between us, Mexico & these two European 
powers, each would be bound by pledges 
which it would be inconvenient 
for Texas or Mexico to 
violate[.] Any attempt
 to violate them would
 give England & France a 
just cause to interfere & by 
force prevent the violation.
All eyes are now trained towards
 the U.S. to see what the Senate will do, or 
the Congress. In a few weeks they may
 all be turned to England & France. I am satisfied
 we will do very well in either event which 
may happen, and therefore keep “cool as a cucum-
ber” & “calm as a May morning.” Remember
 me most kindly to all the Legation, & please 
present my respects to Mr. Calhoun & to Mr.
I remain your sincere friend
 Anson Jones
To W. D. Miller, Esq